Perhaps the most personal dish on the Thanksgiving table is stuffing. Here is a recipe for a classic gluten-free version with plenty of ways to personalize it to fit your preferences. Want apples? Sausage? Or my favorite, a chicken liver stuffing? All of that is allowed and encouraged.
Want to get gluten-free eaters talking? Mention bread. And in stuffing, bread plays a pretty crucial role. Yet I don’t want the bread to steal the show. Rather, I like the bread in my stuffing to act as a supporting player. Gluten-free “white” sandwich bread is perfect for the job because, thanks to its mild flavor, it doesn’t mute the flavors of the sausage, vegetables and herbs. Strongly flavored gluten-free breads, especially ones containing bean flours and/or buckwheat flour, often compete for flavor attention in stuffing, sometimes almost overpowering the other ingredients. That said, all gluten-free breads, from store-bought to homemade, multi-grain to white, work well in stuffing. So use a bread you love.
No matter what bread you select, cube and toast it before adding it to the stuffing. Left untoasted, gluten-free bread sort of falls apart, becoming mushy as soon as you add the stock to the recipe. Toasted gluten-free bread, however, behaves almost like wheat-based bread, striking that perfect balance of maintaining some individual cube integrity and slightly melting together—almost like a bread pudding.
To toast bread cubes, simply cut the loaf into thick slices, about a half-inch each, and cut those slices into bite-size cubes. Divide the cubes between two rimmed baking sheets and toast until the cubes are lightly golden brown and completely dry.Moisture is the enemy of bread cubes. If the cubes aren’t completely dry, the bread might get moldy during storage.
To ensure your cubes are dry, break one or two cubes in half. Feel the center. It should be dry, like the surface of a piece of toast. If it’s still damp, return the pan to the oven and toast the cubes a little longer.
And not only does toasting bread affect the texture of the final stuffing, it also affects the flavor. Toasting the bread cubes allows us to get rid of the flavorless moisture the bread contains and then replace that moisture with the flavorful broth we add to the stuffing right before baking.
There’s no need to worry about making your bread cubes the night before (or worse the day of) Thanksgiving. To make your prep easier, toast the bread cubes a few days before Thanksgiving. In fact, I’ve done it up to one week before the big day. Just be sure to allow the bread cubes to cool completely before storing them in a plastic bag.
Vegetables, Sausage, and Other Good Stuff
Time for an honest moment. This recipe isn’t my favorite stuffing recipe. Don’t get me wrong, I love it. Kind of like how I love chocolate cake but if a chocolate chip cookie were available, I’d select the cookie.
You’ll find my absolute favorite stuffing listed in the variations: chicken liver stuffing. Yes, I love chicken liver stuffing. But I know I’m in the minority with my liver-based stuffing love; you should make a stuffing you love, too. Which brings me to vegetables, sausage and other good stuff.
This recipe makes a classic stuffing with sausage and herbs. If you glance at the recipe list and think, “Where are the apples? We always have apples!” or “She’s using sausage? I hate sausage!” Here’s what to do: include ingredients you love. On Thanksgiving your stuffing should taste the way you want it to taste. (Hence my addition of chicken livers.)
Just like selecting a bread you love, use a broth or stock you love. I use store-bought turkey stock. (Gluten often hides in store-bought stocks and broths. Be sure to read labels!) If you prefer homemade stock, use it.
How you add the broth to the stuffing is key. Dumping all the liquid over the bread cubes at once makes the edges of the bread soggy and leaves the center dry. Who wants dry stuffing? To avoid this problem, add the broth in two (or three) additions.
First add two cups of broth to the toasted bread cubes and gently stir the stuffing. After about a minute or so the bread begins to absorb the broth. Once this happens, add an additional cup of stock. Again, allow the bread cubes to absorb all the liquid. Then feel the bread. You want the bread cubes to be damp but not soggy. If the cubes still feel dry, especially in the center, add another cup of stock. The amount of broth needed for the recipe varies from loaf to loaf. Let your bread guide how much stock you add.
Bake or buy a loaf of gluten-free bread.
Cut bread into cubes and toast. (Step one and two can be done up to one week before Thanksgiving.)
If using meat, cook the meat thoroughly. Remove the meat from the pan with a slotted spoon, leaving the cooking oil behind.
On Thanksgiving (or the night before), place the toasted bread cubes in a large bowl.
Cook the vegetables and/or fruit. (If you don’t add meat to your stuffing, cook the vegetables in hot oil.)
Stir in the cooked meat, vegetables, dried fruit, and nuts (if using).
Add the broth in stages, allowing the bread to absorb the liquid after each addition.
Transfer the stuffing to a baking pan. Cover pan with foil and bake for 30 minutes. Remove foil and return pan to the oven until golden brown, about 15 minutes. If you prepared your stuffing the night before Thanksgiving, reheat it before serving until warm in a 325°F oven.
More Variations with Vegetables and Fruits
Fennel: Add one cup diced fennel. Cook along with the celery.
Leeks: Replace the onions with an equal amount of chopped leeks. (Leeks are milder than onions. If you’d like a more pronounced flavor, increase the amount of leeks to three cups.)
Mushrooms: Slice one pound of mushrooms. Sauté mushrooms in two tablespoons of hot olive oil. Set aside. Add to the stuffing along with the other cooked vegetables.
Apples: Add one cup peeled, diced apples. Cook along with the onions.
Dried Fruit: Add up to 3/4 cup dried fruit, such as dried cranberries, chopped apricots, and chopped figs.
Nuts: Add up to 1/2 cup toasted, chopped nuts, such as walnuts, pecans, or almonds. (Nuts are a common allergen. Before serving, warn guests the stuffing contains nuts.)
Sausage: Replace the Italian sausage with another sausage. Chorizo, andouille, or chicken sausage are especially nice.
Chicken Liver: Replace the sausage with ten ounces of chicken liver. Cook the chicken liver in the olive oil, stirring constantly to prevent the liver from sticking to the bottom of the pot.
Ground Beef, Pork, or Veal: Replace the sausage with eight to ten ounces of cooked ground meat.
Bacon: Add four slices of cooked, crumbled bacon. (Or you can omit the sausage if using bacon.) Drain all but two tablespoons of bacon fat from the pot and cook your remaining vegetables in the bacon fat.
- 1 loaf gluten-free bread, cut into bite-size cubes (8-9 cups)
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 4 links (about 10 ounces) sweet Italian sausage, removed from casing and broken into small pieces.
- 2 cups chopped celery (about 4 large stalks)
- 2 cups chopped onion (about 1 large onion)
- 2 tablespoons minced garlic (about four cloves)
- 1½ teaspoons dried basil
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano
- ½ teaspoon ground sage
- ½ teaspoon dried thyme leaves
- 1 teaspoon kosher salt
- ½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
- 4 cups gluten-free turkey, chicken, or vegetable stock, divided
- Preheat oven to 325 °F. Divide bread cubes between two large baking sheets. Toast until bread is golden brown and dry, about 30 minutes. Remove pans from oven and allow bread to cool.
- Grease a 9x13-inch baking sheet and set aside. Place bread cubes in a large bowl. In a large pot, heat olive oil until shimmering. Add sausage, break apart into small bites with a fork as it cooks. Cook until no pink pieces of sausage remain, about three minutes. Remove the sausage from the oil using a slotted spoon. Place sausage on a plate and set aside.
- Add celery. Cook until celery just begins to soften, about two minutes. Stirring frequently. Add onion. Cook for two minutes, continue to stir frequently. Add garlic, herbs, salt, and pepper. Cook until celery and onions are soft and aromatic. Spoon vegetables onto the bread cubes. Add sausage pieces and stir.
- Pour about two cups of the broth over the bread. Stir until cubes absorb the broth. This takes a minute. Add an additional cup of broth. Continue to stir until broth is absorbed. If bread seems dry, add final cup of broth. (Bread cubes should be moist but not soggy. It’s okay it the some of the cubes fall apart. This is normal.) Transfer stuffing to prepared pan.
- Cover pan with aluminum foil and bake in a 325 °F oven until warm, about 30 minutes. Remove foil and return pan to the oven and bake until golden brown, about five minutes.