(free recipes) Gluten-Free Apple Hand Pies
September 04, 2012
Recently the front page of my local paper trumpeted bad news: "Slim pickings for area's apple crop." The combination of warm March temperatures and an April freeze led to a poor apple-growing season and early fall apples. How early? Some pick-your-own-orchards opened in August.
Not wanting to miss the early apple crop, I did what any apple-loving baker would do. I made pie. Instead of baking a traditional pie, I decided on hand pies since the petite size makes them easy to enjoy while dining outdoors, something I'm still doing.
Back when I was baking with wheat, hand pies were especially fun to make. You simply took a round of pie dough, plopped in some apple filling, and folded the dough over the filling. The gluten-free hand pies, however, weren't as fun or easy to make at first.
Since the dough lacks the elasticity that gluten provides, it tore each time I tried to fold it over the apple filling. Instead of a smooth pastry, each pie had many deep cracks that leaked filling during baking. To fix this, I tried allowing the dough to reach almost-room temperature before baking, thinking that a warmer dough would give easier as it folded over the apples. No luck. Then I tweaked the dough itself. This yielded a dough that tasted more like a vanilla cookie when baked than pie crust. And it still broke as I folded it.
Finally I ditched the idea of a hand pie turnover. I grabbed two round cutters, cut dough rounds, filled them, and attempted to seal the dough. Again the top piece of dough tore as it went over the chunky filling. This time, there was an easy solution to the problem: use a larger cutter for the top pastry. The slightly larger piece of dough covers the filling easily. No tugging required! This simple adjustment again made it easy to make hand pies.
Now I can enjoy the apple harvest, no matter how short the season is this year.
Gluten-Free Apple Hand Pie Recipe
Note: If you are egg-allergic or vegan, you can omit the beaten egg and replace it with water. Gluten-free hand pies that are brushed with water bake up lighter than those brushed with beaten egg. For dairy-allergies or vegan diets, replace the butter with solid vegetable shortening.
For the Crust
2 cups (about 8 ounces) white rice flour
3/4 cup (about 3 ounces) tapioca starch
3 tablespoons granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon xanthan gum
2 sticks (4 ounces) cold, unsalted butter, cut into tablespoon-size pieces
4 to 6 tablespoons water
For the Filling
2 large apples, peeled, cored, and cut into 1/2-inch cubes
3 tablespoons dark brown sugar
2 tablespoons juice from 1 lemon
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
2 tablespoons white rice flour
For the Topping
1 large egg, beaten
2 tablespoons granulated or coarse sugar
|makes 12 pies
||about two hours
||3-inch round cutter and 3 1/2-inch round cutter
In bowl of food processor, combine white rice flour, tapioca starch, granulated sugar, salt, and xanthan gum. Pulse to combine. Add butter. Pulse until no large pieces of butter remain. Add 4 tablespoons water. Pulse until dough forms. If dough does not form, add two additional tablespoons water.
Lightly white rice flour your counter. Divide dough into two even balls and shape each into a disk. Wrap and chill dough for at least two hours or overnight.
Preheat oven to 375 °F. While oven preheats, prepare filling. Toss together apple pieces, dark brown sugar, lemon juice, and cinnamon. If desired, add more sugar to taste. Toss apple mixture with white rice flour.
Remove one dough round from the refrigerator. Allow to stand for about five minutes. Lightly white rice flour countertop. Roll dough out to approximately 1/8-inch. While rolling, occasionally run a long, thin metal spatula under the dough to prevent it from sticking to the counter.
Using the 3-inch cutter, cut dough into 6 pieces. (These will be the pie bases.) Gather dough and gently gather into a ball. Reroll. Now use the 3 1/3-inch cutter and cut out another 6 pieces. (These will be the pie tops.) Place the six 3-inch dough cut-outs on parchment-lined baking sheet. Top with approximately one tablespoon of apple filling. Brush edges with beaten egg. Cover filling with 3 1/2-inch dough round. If dough tears, lightly pinch it back together. Crimp edges together with fork. (To keep dough from sticking to the fork, dust it with white rice flour before crimping.) Chill pies for five minutes.
Brush pies with beaten egg and generously sprinkle with granulated or coarse sugar. Pierce top twice with fork to allow steam from the filling to escape. Bake until filling bubbles and crust is golden brown, about 25 minutes. While one pan of pies bakes, form second pan. Bake second pan of pies in the same manner.
Allow pies to cool on baking sheet. Store, covered, at room temperature for up to three days.
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